Written By- Namrata Jaiswal

Guided By- [Asst. Prof. Monika Malik]

Workflow is a sequence of tasks which is used to complete the project successfully. Workflows are the paths that describe how project is completed sequentially to achieve an outcome. Before starting any project or process you need to create workflow, because you should know the necessary task for the specific process.

Here I will discuss workflow of designing a garment.

For designing a garment  you need to understand many things, like; the ranges of colours, complementary colours, decorations, fabrics, compositions of colours as well as fabrics, trends, garments, etc

Creating a garment is something very thoughtful and organized, and then we will number the different steps that we usually take to create a collection.

The Concept:

The process of designing a garment starts with an idea which comes from a designer or from the customer (if the garment is custom based then the inspiration come from the customer itself), but still it’s your job to bring the idea of designer or customer into the reality.

Taking Measurement:

The next step is taking measurements, if the garment is custom made; you need to take measurement of the customer, Or if you are making a garment for the standard size than you already have the measurement chart of different sizes.

Fabric Selection:

Fabric selection is an important thing before the completion of pattern because you should make the necessary changes according the type of fabric. Select fabrics based on your theme / need and give specific details on your fabric by dyeing, printing, embroidery etc.

The Patterns:

Measurements are taken, fabrics are selected, now it’s time to draft patterns for a specific design using pattern making tools and apply pattern making principles to it. This is the most important step for any garment construction. Once a pattern is ready then you can also graded pattern for smaller and larger sizes.

Fabric Cutting:

Now it’s time to lay down the pattern on the fabric, keep some points in mind:

  • Firstly lay large pieces and then adjust small pieces between large pieces.
  • The length of the garment should be parallel to the selvedge of the fabric.
  • Be sure pattern is placed on the correct grain.
  • And most importantly check pattern or print of fabric. Before cutting make sure the design runs in the same direction throughout the garment.

Cut the fabric keeping these points in mind and then trace the outline of pattern on the fabric


The pieces are sewn together along with concept and details. Then garment is inspected to make sure all the pieces are sewn well.


After a garment is fully sewn and assembled, next step is garment pressing that gives a final finished look to garment. Now it’s ready for your customer.

Packaging & Shipping

The last step of your garment making process is packaging and shipping your garment to your customer.

These are the steps involved in workflow of garment design. Workflow has the ability to incorporate the complexities of a process and provide clarity. So you can use this for any business . It provides many benefits for any organization.

Hope this was interesting read.

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Written By- Nikita Rajani

[Guided by Asst. Prof. Monika Malik]


Today, working in any industry has become a challenging task. One has to do multi tasking which is quite tough to manage as tasks involve are planning, scheduling, organizing, replying emails and much more. So the solution to overcome the pressure of multi-tasking and meeting the deadlines without any hustle lies in WORKFLOW Management.

Workflow is the process that need to be done sequentially  in a series. By following a specific type of workflow which is relevant to a particular project. Individuals get a task done by following a process involving series of steps to achieve objectives and result accurately within given time. This basically helps a particular work to be done systematically from one step to the next, with all the required collection of data and information for that particular work. Choice of workflow chosen for a particular task should be in optimal capacity to have the best result in best efficiency.


  • Reduced error
  • Increase productivity with improved connectivity.
  • Multiple tasks completed easily.
  • Create great work environment.
  • Optimal efficiency utilization.


In this blog, we shall address the workflow of a fashion merchandiser. Before proceeding with the topic, let’s have a short introduction about fashion merchandiser.

A fashion merchandiser is someone who is an intermediate between a manufacturer and a buyer. He/she combines fashion and textiles with merchandising. A merchandising is the practice to promote and sell products to customers. So, a fashion merchandiser is key people who communicates and work in most of the departments- designing, manufacturing, sales and promotion, retailing, buying.

Now let’s look at the workflow incase of  fashion merchandising.

  • RECEIVE ORDER FROM BUYER: Merchandising task starts with receiving order from a Buyer. Here the task includes the communication with external buyer and teams for the prototype, designing details and buyer’s requirement for consumer’s demand. For placing an order, buyer gives a tech pack to merchandiser. A tech pack is a technical sheet that will have all the details of merchandising including design details.
  • CONSUPMTION: Consumption is the base for merchandising task. Merchandiser checks the quality of raw material to view the price of the garment. Consumption incorporates to solve the supplies related problem.
  • COSTING & NEGOTIATION: Costing is the process of estimation, then determining the total cost of production which includes purchase of raw materials, accessories, trims, sewing, packing, transport. After the total costing of production is finalized, then merchandiser negotiates with buyer with the final costing and then decides to take order or not depending on finding a middle ground.
  • ORDER COFIRMATION: When both merchandiser and buyer agree on a mutual cost which is beneficial for both parties, the merchandiser gets the order and receives a receipt of order from the buyer which states the final confirmation of the order. As a final confirmation a legal document is made which is known as Production Order (PO). It’s merchandiser’s responsibility to check all the details like quantity, price, delivery date, vendor details etc on PO receipt.
  • Receiving Letter of Credit: L/C stands for Letter of Credit. L/C plays a dominant role here, as L/C include terms and condition given by buyer. Merchandiser gets money from buyer’s bank. This letter of credit issued by bank is safe for merchandiser as well as for buyer.
  • SAMPLE DEVELOPMENT & APPROVING: Merchandiser works closely with sampling department to make sure that the sample is developed as per the instructions given by the buyer so that a good quality product is produced. Sampling process also gives  an estimation of manufacturing cost and time require for manufacturing. Then sample is presented to the buyer for final approval.
  • BULK PRODUCTION: Once the sample is approved, sourcing of fabric, trim and accessories is done and merchandiser receives green flag to proceed for bulk order. Bulk production is the actual & final production. If the buyer have to make any changes in the product that has to be done before moving further with the bulk production.
  • PRE-PRODUCTION MEETING: Pre-production is organized by the merchandiser. This PP meeting is conduction before production starts. All the details related to the product, additional mock up if any are discussed along with tentative problems and solutions. All the in-house workers and people are closely involved in PP meeting. The brief for the product is given to all the unit members.
  • START BULK PRODUCTION: After the PP meeting, the bulk production of the product start. Merchandiser starts working with production unit, manager, technician, quality manager to ensure that the bulk production work smoothly and achieve before deadline.
  • CHECK DAILY REPORT: When the bulk production continue merchandiser keep a check on daily process of production and make daily report to send it to the buyer.
  • LINE INSPECTION: There are some inspections lined up during production and to ensure the quality check of the production. This inspection is conducted to improve the productivity.
  • FINAL BUYER INSPECTION:  This is last step of inspection system. Here buyer is the one who inspect the complete garment and random check of the product from the batch.
  • SHIPMENT: When 100% inspection is positive, the finished products are packed and delivery is arranged, so that product delivery is made on time.

Fashion Merchandiser has to deal with internal as well as with external departments of the fashion and textile industry which is challenging and interesting at the same time. To work skilfully in challenging circumstances, workflow management improve performance and helps to retain good results. It’s better to have a framed work plan rather than just keep on working and ending up with unfruitful results. So do make your work effectively and efficiently with workflow.

I hope this blog was informational for you all.

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Written By- Annu Taneja

Guided By- [ Asst. Prof. Monika Malik]


The coordination between the tasks which schedules the work of an organization/person is workflow management. The word “workflow” simply means an arrangement of tasks. Basically, the work which takes place between setting up a goal and achieving it is workflow.


In simple words, portfolio is the visual [digital/manual] presentation of one’s work which includes many steps/tasks for making a dope portfolio.

  1. INSPIRATION: For creating something new, one needs to be inspired by something or other to begin with. Inspiration board, mood board, colour board, swatch boards are created according to the inspiration.
  2. IDEATION: The next step involves creating rough sketches in learning diary/ sketchbook for letting your ideas evolve, which can further be represented in the final portfolio to showcase the process.
  3. DESIGN: Designing Digital illustrations and flats to present your designs and understand the construction of the same.
  4. PRESENTATION: Presenting the work in a very creative way which makes a strong impression is very important. Remember, “Presentation is the key”
  5. TECHNICALS: In this step every minute detail is taken care of. It is very important to monitor the details which takes place in the process.
  6. PRODUCTION: After finalising the designs and details, the final step involves making and presenting the final garments through beautiful photographs .


Workflow management system (WfMS) is a software that maintains workflow management by automating the parts of management coordination that are common to different kind of workflows. Once a workflow is created, the path becomes very clear for the future projects. A good workflow can help in improving the communication between the staff/team and also helps in measuring the growth. In simpler words, the process of accomplishing the results is workflow.


There are several benefits of using workflow in every field:

  1. Workflows reduce project risk– As the workflows are well tested before applying them, it reduces the risks and complexities which may/may not occur which will further help in reducing the redo costs.
  2. Effect organizational change. When a team/staff works together, it limits the need for   management to intervene on the business/project process side and can provide an improved understanding of the workflow.
  3. Workflows give better access to information. Complicated processes are reviewed/monitored at every point, ensuring that there are no issues. This monitoring allows project managers to review how well the process is running from end-to-end.
  4. Workflows describes work responsibility to different people. Instead of your team/staff being confused about whose responsibility it is to complete the given task or where their own duties lie, a workflow defines it for them.  
  5. Improves project timeline estimations. Gives project managers a brief to estimate how long a task/project will take. 
  6. Provides visibility. Workflow is a way of communicating the process to the stakeholders.
  7. Designers can focus on strategy. When a system/project is running smoothly, designers/managers don’t need to spend time focusing on the operations. Instead, they can pay more attention to other parts of their job, which can promote business growth/development.

Who doesn’t wish to go with the flow? Workflow management is very important in today’s fast moving world, one needs to make sure their work runs as they want it to run. Whether it’s portfolio making, designing or running a boutique workflow is everywhere.

Hope this was an interesting read.

For more such informative blogs, don’t forget to follow, like, share and comment…!!!