BYZANTIUM:The Period of Luxury

Written By- Annu Taneja

Guided By- Ms Monika Malik


Byzantium took place in the 5th Century B.C. (315) when the Emperor Constantine transferred the capital from Rome to Byzantium, and lasted till the 12th Century (1453).

“Clothes make the man or woman; clothes make the person. It is not a modern saying, but instead an ancient concept”

The rise of Byzantium saw a bloom in fashion in the terms of colour, ornamentation, accessories and the rise of Christianity. Byzantium took its roots from the Romans and the Greeks. The Byzantium empire was known for its fashion and culture worldwide. The wealthy and luxurious empire was reflected through its colourful and heavily beaded clothing. It was inspired by the Orient and Middle East with whom they had trade relation. Traders brought luxurious fabric in the city from all these regions, and rich Byzantines instantly adapted the colours, patterns, and fabrics from the east in their costume traditions.


Byzantium dresses were very conservative because of the influence of Christianity. The shape of the body should be covered by clothing, showing off skin was no longer acceptable and was considered a sin. At the beginning of the Byzantium Empire, the Roman “TOGA” was still worn for formal or official occasions. During Justinian times dresses were changed into a “TUNICA” or long Chiton, which were unisex in nature. The upper class also wore a “Dalmatica” over their tunica. Dalmatica is a long, loose sleeved robe with close fitted bodice with embellishment on it and a fuller skirt which was worn either belted or without the belt above the waist.

These Women’s are wearing Tunics with Dalmatica Image source:
Reinette: Costume Illustrations by Raphaël Jacquemin,Paul Louis Giafferri and Pauquet Brothers
The famous purple with gold embellishment dress. Image Source:

Tunics were worn as undergarments by every class differentiated on the basis of fabric used. The open sandal was replaced by a leather shoe. Women had long hair worn in braids, rolls, frizzed or wrapped in turban.


Men also wore “Toga” and “Tunica”. Later, men wore shorter tunics to have some freedom of movement along with Trousers known as “bracae” or hose covered the legs, but not by wealthy hierarchy because this clothing was associated with barbarians. Feet was sometimes tied with leg bandages. The open sandal was now replaced with a leather or fabric shoe, which further followed the shape of the foot and was usually embroidered or painted. After 6th century the cloak were worn symmetrically.

Men’s here are wearing Toga and Tunics. Image Source:

Rectangular cloaks was reserved for the lower classes until 12th century.

The common Tunics. Image source:

The colour palette was uni-sexual which consisted of mostly all colours but especially purple which was the colour of royalty used with gold embroidery and embellishments.


Byzantines loved colour and pattern especially silk was their favourite material which was used very frequently. The Byzantines wove their silk into a strong fabric known as “Samite” which had gold thread woven into the material depending upon the class. Silk was a form of luxury and byzantines loved luxury. Heavy materials like silks and velvet’s were worn by the upper class.


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The fashion world has fastened onto the lavish and glamorous world of byzantium inspired art dresses . A lot of inspiration has been taken from Christianity. It has mostly influenced the couture fashion because byzantium was all about luxury and so is couture.

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Byzantium had such a huge impact that if a persons knows even a little bit about this empire, they will identify with the byzantine civilisation. All the gold and glitter put aesthetically, is a blessing that we have received from the Byzantium empire. Christian symbols like the cross, domes of churches and the embellishment of luxurious stones on gold are the key elements of Byzantium.

Byzantium has inspired many luxury designers, especially Dolce & Gabbana who presented a Fall/Winter 2013 collection in Milan which was ultra rich in embellishments, full of regality and intricately crafted details. History has always inspired the designers and byzantium has left the prominent mark in luxury and richness behind to inspire many.

Have a look at some luxury:

Byzantium has become a huge inspiration for accessories. The usage of gold, embellishment with different stone, imprinting the paintings of Jesus and all the precious stone crusted on gold crowns are inspired by Byzantium.

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“Since we cannot change reality, let us change the eyes which see reality”- Nikos Kazantzakis

Byzantium was all about living larger than life in the lap of luxurious life. The clothing sure was conservative, but they had best fabric choices enhanced with embroideries and embellishments.

Now go add some GOLD AND EMBELLISHMENT in your wardrobe..!!

Until then don’t forget to like, share, comment, and follow!!!


By Namrata Jaiswal

Guided by Ms Monika Malik


Orphism also known as Simultaneism or Orphic-Cubism, this art movement was led by a couple, Robert and Sonia Delaunay in Paris. Orphism was an early 20th century movement which did not last for a long time but managed to leave an influential mark. This movement was named in 1912 by the French poet Guillaume Apollinaire which means light meeting shapes and the rhythm.

Robert Delaunay Endless Rhythm 1934 Image Source:

Orphism was inspired by cubism and colour theory combined. Although it was inspired by cubism in a lot of ways, it did not follow the same monochrome colour pallet. The artists used bright colours which helped the artists convey rhythm and movement through their artwork. Orphism was a great combination of art and music. Orphism was one such movement which took its inspiration from music and artists of orphism used to listen to music before creating their art pieces.


Robert Delaunay, Sonia Delaunay, Franz Marc and Frantisek Kupka were some of the famous and most influential artist during orphism. 

All artists of this time portrayed art & music, art & design, art & literature in their paintings through usage of geometric shapes and bright colours which gets into the viewers mind.

Let’s have a look at some famous artworks-

Robert Delaunay: The City of Paris (La Ville de Paris) (1910-12)
The City of Paris (La Ville de Paris by Robert Delaunay Image Source:
Sonia Delaunay – Rythme coloré, 1952
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Robert Delaunay – Homage to Bleriot, 1914
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Franz Kupka – Dynamic Disks, 1931-33
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Although Orphism was a very small art movement, it has influenced fashion immensely. Many designers still get inspiration from this art movement as it was a great combination of art with music design and literature. The originator of this movement Sonia Delaunay was also a great illustrator, have a look- 

Sonia Delaunay – Fashion Illustration, 1925
Image source

The whole concept of Orphism was to charm the senses with its contrasting colours mostly arranged in the form of circular discs . Orphism brought right amount of pop yet harmony on runway. It is one those art movement in which exploration with it’s art is endless. Designer like Junya Watanable debuted his “patchwork madness” as a tribute to Sonia Delaunay. Sonia Delauny and her husband Robert Delauny were a huge inspiration then and are a huge inspiration now. Earlier they use to open the doors of their home for the artists and displayed their work, mostly Sonia’s clothing designs to inspire them. Well they haven’t opened the doors of their home for us but they have surely opened the doors of inspiration for every designer.


Here are some runway looks-

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Hope the mystery of orphism was an interesting read.

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Written By – Annu Taneja

Guided By – Ms Monika Malik

“Cubism is like standing at a certain point on a mountain and looking around. If you go higher, things will look different; if you go lower, again they will look different.” –Jacques Lipchitz

Pablo Picasso, “Girl with Mandolin”; Image Source:http://-


Cubism was one of the most influential art movement of the early 20th century, which took place in France [Paris]. The concept of cubism soon became popular across Europe and influenced several styles of modern art. It is believed that almost all art movements and this one movement in particular was a strong response to the changing world, Cubism is considered as an Avant-Garde art movement with key features of geometric angles, lines, shapes, small brushstrokes, three dimensional surfaces, flattened perspective, abstract art and most importantly the way of viewing the art from shifting positions. Cubism was more like an intellectual art exercise for cubists as they always focused on creating intellectual art which is far away from reality. Cubism opened infinite possibilities for the treatment of visual reality in art and was the starting point for many later abstract styles.


It was established by Pablo Picasso and Georges Braque, who were later joined by many talented artists including Juan Gris, and Fernand Leger. These cubists strongly believed that art should not be a copy of nature. They took a lot of inspiration from Paul Cezanne’s artwork, African tribal masks and American art.


Pablo Picasso and George Braque were the pioneers of Cubism. Their favourite motifs were musical instruments, bottles, pitchers, glasses, newspapers, and the human face & figure in distorted forms.


Picasso and Braque shared the same perspective towards art. They often met to discuss their art progress with each other and collaborated many times. Their artwork was so similar and closely inspired that there was a time when it became difficult for the critics to differentiate between the two artists. The colour palette used by them consisted mostly of neutral shades initially but later also included bright colours in combination with neutrals to make sure that people were able to interpret the art. One common thing which is noticeable in their artworks is use of hollow objects. They used them as props to display hollowness such as guitar, a pot, a vase etc.

Some of the famous artwork of Cubism –

Three Musicians by Pablo Picasso, 1921
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Bottle and Fishes 1910–12 by Georges Braque
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Cubism had two waves/phase. The first wave was known as Analytic Cubism (1907-12). The artworks portrayed geometric shapes and three dimensional perspective. Neutral colour palette consisting of beige & browns with greys were used to create intellectual artwork.

Nude Descending a Staircase by Marcel Duchamp, 1912
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The second phase was known as Synthetic phase, it portrayed simpler forms which were more colourful and decorative in style. Collage came into the existence along with new materials such as newspaper clippings, tobacco wrappers and abstract.

Still life with violin and fruits by Pablo Picasso, 1912
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Cubism has been one of the most influential art movement which had a huge impact on fashion and has always appeared on runway every now and then. The first few designers who were immensely influenced during cubism were Coco Chanel, Paul Poiret and Madeline Vionnets.

Fashion started to change in 1920’s because of many aspects and characteristics which can still be witnessed on the runways. The idea behind Cubism was to portray ordinary objects in an abstract geometric form, since then the cubist motifs has marked its place of signature style in fashion.

Currently world leaders of fashion design like Yves Saint Laurent, Prada, Givenchy, Hermes and Celine have used cubism as an inspiration for their various collections. The fashion industry calls it “the cubism madness”. Structures, layering, geometric shapes, colour blocking and clean-cut lines are the main visual impacts inspired from the cubism which manages to make its way in everyone’s wardrobe. In today’s world, cubism through fashion represents the freedom of women and the abolishment of unrealistic proportions.

Let’s have a look at some cubism inspired runway looks –

Cubism inspired interior:


“Cubism is not a reality you can take in your hand. It’s more like a perfume, in front of you, behind you, to the sides, the scent is everywhere but you don’t quite know where it comes from.” – Pablo Picasso

It’s all about perspective my friend!!

I hope it was an insightful read……!!

For more such blogs follow, share, like and comment!!!

Until then stay awesome…….!!!!


Written By- Namrata Jaiswal

[Guided by Ms Leela Taparia, Ms Monika Malik & Ms Sana Taj Sheikh]


Man-made fibers are those fibers which are developed by man. Man-made fibers are made from various chemicals, or are regenerated from plant fibers. Man-made fibers also called artificial fibers.


Made By Namrata Jaiswal on MS Word

Regenerated Man-Made Fiber

Regenerated man-made fibers are obtained from cellulosic base material. Regenerated fibers are generated by using natural source as a base and are chemically shaped to filament form.

1 . Rayon: Rayon is made from cellulose obtained from wood pulp–usually from pine, spruce, or hemlock trees and cotton linters, which are residue fibers clinging to cotton seed after the ginning process.

Viscose rayon is the most common and versatile. It can be blended with man-made or natural fibers and made into fabrics of varying weight and texture. It is also an absorbent, cost-effective and comfortable fabric to wear.

2. Acetate: This fiber consists of a cellulose compound identified as acetylated cellulose a cellulose salt. As a result acetate possesses different qualities from the rayon.

Acetate fiber is thermoplastic; i.e. it can be formed into a desired shape by the application of pressure with heat. Fabrics made of acetate yarn are rather shape-retentive. They are used primarily for apparel.

3. Triacetate: This fiber consists of acetylated cellulose that retains acetic groupings when it is being produced as triacetate cellulose.

Triacetate has certain properties that are different from acetate fiber. It is a thermoplastic fiber that is more resilient that other cellulosic fibers. Fabrics made of triacetate yarn have good shape-retentive properties. They are used primly for apparel.

Synthetic Man-Made Fiber

Synthetic man-made fibers manufactured from synthesising using various chemicals like the petroleum products. Synthetic fibers are generated by only chemicals. They do not require natural raw material as a base for the manufacture.

1. Nylon: Nylon was the first synthetic fiber, which was originally produced in America. The  elements carbon, oxygen, nitrogen and hydrogen are combined by chemical processes in to compounds which react to form long – chain molecules, known chemically as polyamides and are then formed into fibers.

Nylon is thermoplastic, resilient, elastic and very strong. It is used for apparel, home furnishing and industrial products.

2. Polyester: Polyester is most widely used synthetic fibers. The filament from other fiber is extremely versatile and can be blended with many other Fibers contributing its good properties to the blend without destroying the desirable properties of the other fiber. The versatility in blending is one of the unique advantages of polyester.

The abrasion resistance and strength of polyester are excellent.

3. Acrylic: Acrytonitrite is the substance from which acrylic fibers are made and from which the name is derived. Acrylic fibers are soft, warm, lightweight and resilient. They are superior to wool in their easy care properties and are non ‘allergenic’.

4. Spandex: Most textile fibers have some elasticity, but special groups known as ‘spandex’ or elastomeric fibers have been specially designed to return to their original size immediately the pulling stress is released.

Spandex was first produced by Du Pont under the trade name ‘Lycra’. Spandex is used in foundation garments active sportswear, hosiery, swimwear, socks, lingerie and other body fitting apparel.

Man-made fibers are very soft, which is the reason of their huge demand in clothing. clothing made form man-made fibers are usually cheaper than the clothing made from natural fibers. These fibers are very strong in nature, embroidery and embellishments are mostly done on these fabrics.

Hope it was an interesting read…!!!

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Written By- Annu Taneja

(Guided by Ms Leela Taparia, Ms Monika Malik & Ms Sana Taj Sheikh)


Fabric identification is done with a simple technique  known as burn test or fiber  burn test, also known as Flammability Test. Basically, a burn test is done to identify the fabric that is unknown to determine if the fabric is a natural fiber, man made fiber, or a blend of natural and man made fibers. To identify the mixture of fabrics by burn test, the sample of fiber, yarn of fabric Should be burned and the reaction should be observed carefully, as the reactions differ from fabric to fabric.The burn test is commonly used by many designers and fabric stores to determine the exact fiber content.

Only a person with good experience can manage to get the exact results. If someone is new at this and is doing it for the first time, make sure to do it with someone who is experienced.


The basic equipments that you will need for a burn test are-

  • Matches or a lighter to burn the fabric.
  • A small container to hold the Piece of fabric you want to burn
  •  Tongs Or forceps to hold the fabric

Precautions to be taken-

  •  Keep some water close in case of excessive burning to control the flame.
  • If you’re not an adult don’t do it alone, go grab someone.
  • Use fireproof containers and avoid Plastic.

Things to be aware of before doing a burn test

  • Natural fibers  burns quickly with a yellow flame. The odour is usually same as a burning paper or hair. The ash is mostly soft and Gray.
  • Synthetic Fibers usually shrinks away from the flame. The burn with an acid and have a chemical odour. The ash is like a plastic bead and is not soft.


Cut the fabric into small swatches and hold it with the help of tongs from the corner, over your container. use the matchsticks and add flame at the corner of the fabric.


  • Reaction to the flame.
  • The smell of the burn.
  • The ash.


1 . Cotton: Cotton is a natural fiber hence it burns quickly with the yellow flame and has an afterglow. It smells like a burning paper. The ash is light, feathery, greyish and the black ash denotes mercerised cotton.

Done practically under the guidance of LEELA MA’AM

2. Linen: Linen is a Natural fiber. It burns quickly (not as quick as cotton) With yellow flame. It also Smells like a burning paper and the ash is Light grey.

3. Silk: Silk is a natural fiber which comes under the category of animal fibres.  It smolders and curls away from the flame.It sputters and burns slowly with difficulty. It smells like a burning feather or hair. The ash is rounded, crisp, shiny black beads and can be easily crashed.

 Done practically under the guidance of LEELA MA’AM.

4. Wool: Wool is again a natural fiber which comes under the category of animal fibers. It smoulders and curls away from the flame. It also flickers and stop burning when away from the flame. It smells like burning hair and the ash is usually crisp and dark.

5. Rayon: It is a regenerated Cellulose fiber. It burns rapidly (faster than cotton) With a yellow flame but has no after glow. The smell is same as a burning paper or leaves. It has a slight grey ash.

6. Nylon: Nylon melts and shrinks away from the flame. It stops burning When removed from the flame and smells like burning plastic. The ash is round, hark, bead which won’t crush.

7. Polyester: Polyesters are man made fibers. It fuses and shrinks away from the flame and melts burning slowly full stop. It burns with difficulty and the smell is slightly sweetish. The ash is hard, round, brittle, black bead Which won’t crush.

Done practically under the guidance of LEELA MA’AM

8. Acrylic: It catches flame quickly and burns rapidly with splutters. The smell is harsh and acrid. The ash is made up of uneven beads which do not crush.

9. Spandex: Spandex is a man made fiber. It fuses but does not shrink away from the flame and melts while burning. The odour is acrid. The ash is soft, fluffy, black and Sticky to touch.

Done under the guidance of LEELA MA’AM.


When dealing with flame, safety is of upmost importance. Be prepared with all the safety measures before doing the burn test. Sink is the safest place to do so. Use small pieces of fabrics instead of big ones. Always do it with someone who is experienced.

I hope the blog was an informative read….!!!

Go burn some fabric now to know the ACTUAL fiber content!!!

Until then don’t forget to like, share, comment and follow us….!!!


Written By- Nikita Rajani

Guided By – [Ms Leela Taparia, Ms Monika Malik & Ms Sana Taj Sheikh]


All those fibres which come from natural sources and do not require fiber formation or reformation are known as natural fibres. Natural fibres are a renewable resource, are biodegradable and readily available from natural sources. These fibres are the substances produced by plants and animals that can be spun into filament, thread and further be woven, non-woven or knitted. Some advantages of natural fibres are that, these fibres result in higher specific strength and stiffness. These are renewable resources and hence, breathable fabrics can be made.


Natural fibers can be classified according to their origin. The vegetable or cellulose-base class includes fibers like cotton, linen. The animal or protein-base fibers include wool, silk. The mineral fibers are asbestos.

Vegetable Fibres

Vegetable fibers are obtained from various parts of the plants. Cotton and linen are the two major fibers obtained from plants. Other minor fibers are jute, hemp, coir, pina, sisal, kapok.

1 . Cotton: The cotton fiber grows in the seedpod or ball of the cotton plant. Each fiber is a single elongated cell that is flat, twisted and ribbon like. It is composed of about 90% cellulose and about 6% moisture; the remainder consists of natural impurities.

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Care and finish of cotton:

  • Wash colour cotton in hot water and rinse in cold water.
  • Soak badly soiled article in cold water before washing.
  • The fabrics are impregnated with a chemical so that the cotton recovers from creasing.

2. Linen: The linen fiber is obtained from the stalk of the flax plant. It is composed of about 70% cellulose and about 30% pectin, ash, woody tissue and moisture. Linen fiber is smooth, straight and lustrous. It is more brittle and less flexible than cotton. It is more difficult to prepare and spin into yarn. Linen fiber is smooth and cool to wear. It is firm to handle. It absorbs moisture well and has no fluffy surfaces. It does not trap dust but it creases badly and it is expensive.

Care of linen:

  • Hot water, hard soap or soda is used for washing the linen fabrics.
  • Rinse thoroughly in cold water.
  • If necessary coloured linen is bleaches with chlorine bleach.
  • If it is well washed and dried in sun then linen will remain in good colour.

 Animal Fibers

Animal fibers are obtained from different sources, consist exclusively proteins. Silk and wool are the two major animal fibers.

1 . Silk: Silk fiber is a fine continuous strand unwound from a cocoon of silkworm, which is generally cultivated. Another type of silk is obtained from uncultivated silkworm cocoon. They latter produce a coarser fiber. Silk fiber is lustrous, lightweight, smooth, strong and elastic.

Characteristics of Silk:

  • The threads of silk have no twists and have a natural luster.
  • The fibers are naturally elastic and therefore crease- resistant.
  • Silk is the warmest fabric.
  • It is an expensive fabric to buy.
  • Silk is non- flammable.
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2. Wool: Wool fiber grows from the skin of sheep. It is composed of a protein known as Keratin. Wool is a coarse fiber and is wavy in nature. Woolen cloth does not fray easily and knitting yarns do not readily divide. Wool fibers vary in quality and length according to the breed of sheep. The shorter fibers are finer. Due to the natural grease from the skin of the animal, raw wool contains many impurities. Wool is a good non-conductor of heat. Woolen clothes help to maintain body temperature. It is non-flammable and safe material for children to wear. When wet the fiber become softened and will easily stretch.

Care of wool:

  • Brush to remove loose dusts.
  • Do not rub when wet.
  • Do not allow fabric to become too soiled.

Mineral Fiber

Mineral fiber is a non-metallic, inorganic fiber. Asbestos, graphite and glass are the mineral fibers.

1 . Asbestos: Asbestos occur naturally as fiber. It is composed of soft and fiber that are resistant to heat, electricity and corrosion. Asbestos is an effective insulator and strong fiber. When handling these materials, the process has to be designed in such a way that no asbestos fibers are released into the air.

Natural fibers are very important and very useful fibers which compete and coexist together with man-made fibers, particularly in the areas of quality, sustainability and economy and production. The main challenges for the near future is to further improve durability and mechanical performance of these composites & developing the eco-friendly as well as sustainable strategies for the same.

Hope reading this blog was a fun experience…!!

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Written By Nikita Rajani

Guided by Ms Monika Malik


Surrealism is an art movement of 20th century which took its inspiration from another Avant Garde movement Dadaism. It started in 1920’s in France, Paris and lasted till 1950’s. Surrealism is derived from the word surreal which means very strange and unusual. The artists belonging to this movement were called “SURREALIST”.

The face of Mae West by Salvador Dali
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The goal of surrealists was to liberate thoughts and human experiences through pushing boundaries of rationalism. This movement challenged the rational order of society through unleashing the mind of masses. A number of techniques were derived by surrealist painters to help capture the thoughts of the unconscious mind.


The main characteristic of Surrealism is dream-like scene and symbolic images. Irrelevant objects put together to create contrasting effect of uncommon images. Surrealists used their sub-conscious mind to create strange, uncommon & unusual art which represented the dreams and fantasies in the name of expression of reality. The colour pallet was either saturated or monochromatic, both conveying dream state of human mind.

Swans Reflecting Elephants Salvador Dali
Swans Reflecting Elephants, 1937,Salvador Dali Image Source-


The art work of surrealism features an element of surprise in its visual art work in combination with uncommon images. Artists preferred painting illogical scenes with photographic precision.

Salvador Dali

Salvador Dali was a great surrealist who was greatly inspired by living beings. He painted in a hyper-real style in which objects depicted crisp details with three dimensional illusion, creating dream-like quality. Salvador Dali mostly used living elements like eyes, lobsters & human faces in combination with non living objects like watches.

The Persistence of Memory by Salvador Dali
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The Eye of Surrealist Time by Salvador Dalí, 1971. Lithograph with etching on arches, 29 ¾ × 20 ½. DTR Modern Galleries, on display in Boston, MA: 2014-10-10 through 2014-11-28.
The most confusing element is the shadows cast by the butterflies as...
The Eye of Surrealist Time by Salvador Dali Image Source –

Rene Magritte

Rene Magritte was another great Surrealist. He became well known for creating a number of witty and thought provoking images. He often depicted ordinary objects in unusual manner. In most of his artwork, he depicted seen & unseen images, where some objects are visible and other objects are hidden.

The Son of Man, 1946 by Rene Magritte
The Son Of Man by Rene Magritte
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Surrealism had great impact on photography where photographers combined non-traditional photographic techniques with surrealist principles, resulting in creation of images which were maddening and provocative. The signature style of surrealist photography evoked the feeling of a dream like state.

Man Ray was the most influential photographer of that time.

Black and White, 1926 by Man Ray
Black and White by Man Ray
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Surrealism inspiring modern photography –


It would be unfair to speak of Surrealism without the famous Lobster Dress. Elsa Schiaparelli was the most influential designer of that time. She collaborated with surrealists to create astonishing designer pieces that would shock and amaze. Her most famous collaboration was with her friend and a famous Surrealist Artist “Salvador Dali” which resulted the very famous LOBSTER DRESS.

This is the modern version of Iconic Lobster Dress created by Bertrand Guyon Spring 2017 Couture Collection, almost 80 years later.

The commonly used objects and shapes to depict Surrealism are Lobster, eye, human hand, printed face of Salvador Dali, clocks hung on wall etc. These are easily transposed to printing textile, jewellery, hats etc. giving designers the freedom to create art in the form of fashion.

The artwork of surrealism in its visual form such as paintings, posters and photographs works as an inspiration for a number of designers to push their envelop of creativity. The elements of surrealism are beautifully portrayed through the use of odd materials and one of a kind construction techniques to further induce a playful surprise in their design collection. For example, the work of designer Jean Paul Gaultier for 2006 Fall/Winter Couture collection simply amazed the fraternity with his well translated take on surrealism which evidently showcased in his designs. The point of admiration about surrealist fashion is that it breaks gender boundaries by merging feminine and masculine ideals to create entirely unique result.

Image Source-

Surrealism was one such art movement that had a lasting impact on paintings, sculpture, literature, photography, films and fashion; inspiring subconsciously the dreams of creative minds to create bizarre images. Surrealism never disappointed as a creative artistic principle, bringing outlandish visuals with out of the box experience on table.

I hope this blog was equally thought provoking for you and pushed your boundaries of imagination.

Until the next blog, rock your Imagination!!!

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By Annu Taneja

Guided By: Ms Monika Malik


Art Deco is one of the many Art Movements that emerged in the early 20th century, lasted from the 1920’s until around 1940’s. It began in France with a group of French designers, decorators and artists at an event called “Exposition Internationale des Arts Décoratifs et Industriels Modernes”—the name Art Deco was later originated from this title.

Art Deco celebrated the beauty of technology, urbanization and was considered a very “modern” movement. You will see art mixed with technology through references like trains, planes, cars and skyscrapers in the artwork. Bold colours and strong geometric patterns were the trademark of Art Deco.

Basically, the whole idea of Art Deco movement was to move towards the future and celebrate modern advancement. After World War 1 and great depression, the spirit that artists wanted to depict was OPTIMISM.

The Nature And Style Of Art Deco Movement

The main characteristics of Art Deco included passion portrayed through geometry, abstract and many more forms. The nature of this style was founded on the avant-garde traditions.

Art deco was inspired by industrialization and technical progress. Although, artist always focused on looking towards the future, there were many motifs inspired by the cultures of different countries, especially Egypt.

Motifs are sleek, stylized often characterized by geometric ornamentation and detail work which brings glamour, luxury and order with symmetrical designs in exuberant shapes.

Famous Artists

Tamara De Lempicka

“My goal is never to copy, but to create a new style, clear luminous colours and feel the elegance of the models,”- Tamara De Lempicka.

She was one of the most influential artist during the Art Deco movement. Her art works mainly consisted of portraits of women. She preferred women of her Canvas involved in modern stuff like driving a car, posing with sky scrapers at the back and talking on telephone.

Few other artists like Émile-Jacques Ruhlmann, Josef Hoffmann were also the part of this art movement and are considered inspirations.

ART DECO in Interior & Architecture

Art Deco influenced the field of interior & architecture through decorative arts, paintings and sculptures. It had massive architectural impact in United States, especially the Empire State Building (1929-31) which is an influential masterpiece inspired by Art Deco.

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Influence on Fashion

Architecture played a very important part in influencing the fashion. From buildings to the dome of the churches, every detail had a huge impact on the designers.

The colour palette commonly consisted of gold, black, off white and silver. The curved lines, geometric shapes, each and every element of the Art Deco Movement made its mark and inspired everyone immensely.

As Art Deco is an early 20th century movement, it is also known as “THE ROARING TWENTIES” you will see a lot of flappers. Designers like Coco Chanel and Paul Poiret were amongst the most influential fashion designers of this time.

Another Art Deco inspired runway look-

Art deco was an influential movement of 20’s which has stayed relevant to current fashion. It scored such wide popularity because it got acceptance worldwide and it is still loved for its glam factor with free spirited nature.  

I hope reading this blog was a happy experience for you.

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Till then stay awesome…