FAUVISM- COLOR OVER REALITY

Written by – Nikita Rajani

[Guided by – Ms. Leela Taparia & Ms. Monika Malik]

At the beginning of the 20thcentury, the art world was going through a period of renewal. Part of this was brought by Fauvism, which was the first major avant-garde movement in Europe.

Fauvism developed in France to become the first new artistic style of 20th century. Fauvism paintings first formally exhibited in Paris in 1905 at Salon d’Automne. The contrast to traditional art was so striking it led critics to describe the artists as “Les Fauves” or “wild beast” and thus the name of this movement was born.

The best known Fauvist artists include Henri Matisse, Andre Derain and Maurice Vlaminck who pioneered this artistic movement. Fauvism favors the use of bold, unrealistic colors. Color used , free of traditional purpose for the sole purpose of  painting.  However, Fauvism lasted till 1910, but it had an significant impact on the other art movements, in relation to the use of abstraction and color.

Image source-www.drawpaintacademy.com

Characteristics of Fauvism

Artists of fauvism were the true nature-lover which they expressed through their art. Fauvism paintings focus on individual expression. It was involved with getting in touch with an emotional reality. Instead of painting the real world, Fauvists painted their imaginary world, they painted freedom.

The Fauves were among the first artists to place a strong focus on abstraction and simplified forms. They seemed to have no interest in carefully using depth and form on the canvas like the artists who came before. Fauvists often used powerful, strong , bright but above all pure colors, applied thickly on the canvas, sometimes straight from the tube.

Characterised by small brush strokes of unblended colors, Derain used short brush strokes while Vlaminck used longer swirling strokes. Their developments in abstraction and simplified form paved the way for the following artmovements like Cubism and Expressionism.

Image Source – www.theartstory.com

Artists of Fauvism and their artwork

For the Fauvists, color prevails over the realistic depiction. Matisse used this rule of Fauvism as a fundamental rule throughout his work. The choice of color could be completely arbitrary or something that the artist sees in his mind. For example, trees can be red or blue and people can be green. Such approach was highly unusual for the period. Nature was the favorite subject for Fauvists to paint. Matisse and Derain depicted the places of South France  and Vlaminck was interested in working in the North of France.

Some of the famous artworks of Fauvism

Image Source – https://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/Woman_with_a_Hat

This is the artwork of Matisse called as Woman with a Hat. Colors used by Matisse in this painting are unnatural, the strokes are bold and the forms have been simplified. This painting was unveiled at the first Salon in 190

Henri  Matisse, Luxe, Calme et Volupte,1904
Image source-www.drawpaintacademy.com

This work of Matisse clearly indicates the artist’s stylistic influence. This artwork reflects the influence of Pointillism, a style which is characterized by the use of dots of color,  distort the form. The color of the painting like orange, yellow, green and other color maintain their own discrete places on the picture plane. These colors are almost overpowering its vibrant impact.

Maurice de Vlaminick, The River seine at Chatou, 1906
Image source-www.drawpaintacademy.com

This is the artwork of Vlaminck, known as The River Seine at Chatou. Vlaminck used short strokes of color, directly from the tube without mixing or preparing. He painted the water using a broken color technique. Bright colors and wavy lines could pull the attention on the eyes.

Fauvism inspired fashion

This art movement was a short lived art movement but it had its impact on fashion as well. This was the 1st artistic movement of 20th century, which has inspired the avant- garde  of 21st century.  Fashion and art have always had a close relation, fashion influenced by Fauvism could create a rebellious look. Many designers of today had used the color and pure nature of fauvism to create a strong and inspiring collections, which had great impact on the world of fashion. Here are some of the Fauvism inspired looks

www.gofugyourself.com
https://pin.it/3lx4kT5
www.pinterest.com
https://pin.it/1LdV6PI
www.pinterest.com

I hope this was an intersecting as well as informative blog.

Don’t forget to like, follow and share.

ART NOUVEAU: The Movement of Change

Written By- Annu Taneja

[Guided By- Ms Monika Malik]

INTRODUCTION:

Art Nouveau is an ornamental style of art which took place around 1890 till 1910 in parts of Europe and United States. It wouldn’t be incorrect to say that this movement was a rebel to the 19th century art and design and usually dominated the amalgamated version of those style. The term “Art Nouveau” originated from the description of work of an artist group Les Vingt and S. Bing, in Paris who named his gallery L’Art Nouveau. In fact, the style of art nouveau gained its popularity in different names at different places, like, Jugendstil in Germany, Stille Floreale in Italy, etc.

During the late 18th century and early 19th century, the world witnessed the union of east and west. It was during this time when famous Japanese woodblock prints like flowing lines, Spiral lines, Twirls inspired the western artists so much that it resulted in the outbreak of ART NOUVEAU MOVEMENT. There are possibilities every now and then that everyone has admired art nouveau style without even knowing it. In French the word means “new art”, which perfectly describes the movement in just two words. Art nouveau was hugely criticised before gaining much acceptance during its time period. It was insulted by German critics to the extent of calling it “tapeworm style”.

There is a common notion circulated amongst artists that art nouveau was inspired by patterns, swirling flowing lines and florals found in the background of the Vincent van Gogh’s artworks, whereas, some believed that it took its root from William Morris’s and his art and craft movement, which is why it is difficult to recognise the first work of art of this movement.

Tinted Glass By William Morris – Image source: https://www.pinterest.ca/pin/351843789609473176/

This movement was truly considered a “modern” movement. Even though the inspiration was taken from past but the art portrayed was contrary and realistic. It created such a huge impact that it influenced the masses in every field including fashion, architecture, interior and applied arts. It was the time when modernity was speeding up at an unmatchable pace. It was the new age of steamships, airplanes, telecommunications, electricity, moving films, mass industry, urbanisation, etc., some of which was a result of industrial revolution. It was a time where several inventions where happening simultaneously, the speed of change was unacceptable frightening for some. It was a very brief movement and was soon taken over by Art Deco.

STYLE OF ART NOUVEAU

The elements of design played a very important role in the style of art nouveau movement. Art nouveau was driven towards the natural style art and architecture. Art nouveau was not restricted to paintings it also brought modernisation in everything from interior & architecture to even graphics and other forms of visual art. The style of art nouveau was characterised by asymmetrical, and rising line and falling patterns in the form of lines, which took its shape in the form of flowers, buds and different motifs inspired by nature. The use of long organic lines with moderate and dark colours stood out to be its signature.

The main object in every art work was the portrayal of new empowered modern women of femininity as her virtue. The colour palette consisted of muted colours including, olive green, carnation pink, muted yellow, and periwinkle blue. Simplicity, soft colours and detailed two-dimensional art became the style of Art Nouveau.

POPULARITY OF ART NOUVEAU IN FASHION

Art nouveau was a decorative style which took its inspiration from nature all around. It soon became a way of promoting designs for the designers. As we moved from the Edwardian era to the “new art” movement where everything was changing, fashion was changing too. There was no glimpse of tight corsets and bodices, instead loose-fitting flowing gowns were making its mark. Designers and artists used to collaborate to promote each other. If a poster was made, the model would definitely be seen in a designer dress and Alphones Mucha was the most famous artist of that time who took commercialism to another level.

Image source: https://mymodernmet.com/alphonse-mucha-art-nouveau-posters/

FAMOUS ARTISTS

The famous artists belonging to this art movement made a huge contribution with their individual styles. Alphones Mucha, Gustav Klimpt, Aubrey Beardsley, are some of the famous names.

ALPHONES MUCHA

Alphones Mucha was an icon involved in paintings, theatre, furniture, jewellery and he used to do a lot of commercial work in the form of posters and advertisements. He loved the portrayal of the new image of a women which represented changing times representing women femininity and empowerment at the same time. one of his famous poster “GISMONDA” is shown below:

Have a look at his famous poster:

GUSTAV KLIMPT

Klimpt was first recognised before art nouveau, with his style of decorative painting of historical figures and scenes. He was recognised as an art nouveau artist in 1897 when he formed a group to bring modern European art to Austria. His most recognizable work is “The Kiss” which was one such art piece of his which included a man. Klimpt also focused on mostly portraying women in his artworks.

Have a look at his famous artwork:

AUBREY BEARDSLEY

Aubrey Beardsley was a favourite illustrator of this time. He was famous for his impressive impact on art of illustration. His most famous yet controversial illustration was “The Dancers Reward (Salome)”

Have a look at his famous illustration:

The Dancers Reward (Salome)- Image Source: https://www.metmuseum.org/art/collection/search/822367

INFLUENCE ON RUNWAY

Although art nouveau lasted for 20 years, it left its unbeatable mark so much so that art nouveau has stood the test of times and never fails to find its relevance even today.

Many designers take their inspiration from art nouveau and portray beautiful floral organic prints on the runway especially Alexander MC queen. A lot of inspiration has been taken in the sense of silhouette from Paul Poiret. Designer Anna Sui is always seen taking inspiration from the movement especially her Spring 2010 collection and Spring 2015 collections in which she beautifully portrayed key elements and style of this movement. It has encouraged designers to look around the nature and find inspiration, instead of searching it in books.

So if you are looking for some inspiration, look around and observe the nature around you, it will surely help you reach the best version of your creative mind.

What is life without florals anyway? Thanks to Mucha for leaving behind so much inspiration.

Until then don’t forget to like, share, comment, and follow!!!

MYSTERIES OF ORPHISM

By Namrata Jaiswal

Guided by Ms Monika Malik

INTRODUCTION

Orphism also known as Simultaneism or Orphic-Cubism, this art movement was led by a couple, Robert and Sonia Delaunay in Paris. Orphism was an early 20th century movement which did not last for a long time but managed to leave an influential mark. This movement was named in 1912 by the French poet Guillaume Apollinaire which means light meeting shapes and the rhythm.

Robert Delaunay Endless Rhythm 1934 Image Source:
https://www.tate.org.uk/art/art-terms/o/orphism

Orphism was inspired by cubism and colour theory combined. Although it was inspired by cubism in a lot of ways, it did not follow the same monochrome colour pallet. The artists used bright colours which helped the artists convey rhythm and movement through their artwork. Orphism was a great combination of art and music. Orphism was one such movement which took its inspiration from music and artists of orphism used to listen to music before creating their art pieces.

INFLUENTIAL ARTISTS

Robert Delaunay, Sonia Delaunay, Franz Marc and Frantisek Kupka were some of the famous and most influential artist during orphism. 

All artists of this time portrayed art & music, art & design, art & literature in their paintings through usage of geometric shapes and bright colours which gets into the viewers mind.

Let’s have a look at some famous artworks-

Robert Delaunay: The City of Paris (La Ville de Paris) (1910-12)
The City of Paris (La Ville de Paris by Robert Delaunay Image Source: https://www.theartstory.org/movement/orphism/artworks/#pnt_1
Sonia Delaunay – Rythme coloré, 1952
Image source: https://www.wikiart.org/en/sonia-delaunay/rythme-colore
Robert Delaunay – Homage to Bleriot, 1914
Image source: https://www.ideelart.com/magazine/robert-delaunay
Franz Kupka – Dynamic Disks, 1931-33
Image source: https://www.guggenheim.org/artwork/14600

ORPHISM AND FASHION

Although Orphism was a very small art movement, it has influenced fashion immensely. Many designers still get inspiration from this art movement as it was a great combination of art with music design and literature. The originator of this movement Sonia Delaunay was also a great illustrator, have a look- 

Sonia Delaunay – Fashion Illustration, 1925
Image source https://www.ideelart.com/magazine/orphism

The whole concept of Orphism was to charm the senses with its contrasting colours mostly arranged in the form of circular discs . Orphism brought right amount of pop yet harmony on runway. It is one those art movement in which exploration with it’s art is endless. Designer like Junya Watanable debuted his “patchwork madness” as a tribute to Sonia Delaunay. Sonia Delauny and her husband Robert Delauny were a huge inspiration then and are a huge inspiration now. Earlier they use to open the doors of their home for the artists and displayed their work, mostly Sonia’s clothing designs to inspire them. Well they haven’t opened the doors of their home for us but they have surely opened the doors of inspiration for every designer.

ORPHISM INSPIRED FASHION

Here are some runway looks-

Image source: https://in.pinterest.com/pin/618259855074541092/                                 

Hope the mystery of orphism was an interesting read.

Don’t forget to like, share, comment and follow…!!!

CUBISM : A POINT OF VIEW

Written By – Annu Taneja

Guided By – Ms Monika Malik

“Cubism is like standing at a certain point on a mountain and looking around. If you go higher, things will look different; if you go lower, again they will look different.” –Jacques Lipchitz

Pablo Picasso, “Girl with Mandolin”; Image Source:http://- https://www.pablopicasso.org/girl-with-mandolin.jsp

INTRODUCTION

Cubism was one of the most influential art movement of the early 20th century, which took place in France [Paris]. The concept of cubism soon became popular across Europe and influenced several styles of modern art. It is believed that almost all art movements and this one movement in particular was a strong response to the changing world, Cubism is considered as an Avant-Garde art movement with key features of geometric angles, lines, shapes, small brushstrokes, three dimensional surfaces, flattened perspective, abstract art and most importantly the way of viewing the art from shifting positions. Cubism was more like an intellectual art exercise for cubists as they always focused on creating intellectual art which is far away from reality. Cubism opened infinite possibilities for the treatment of visual reality in art and was the starting point for many later abstract styles.

ORIGIN OF CUBISM

It was established by Pablo Picasso and Georges Braque, who were later joined by many talented artists including Juan Gris, and Fernand Leger. These cubists strongly believed that art should not be a copy of nature. They took a lot of inspiration from Paul Cezanne’s artwork, African tribal masks and American art.

FAMOUS ARTISTS

Pablo Picasso and George Braque were the pioneers of Cubism. Their favourite motifs were musical instruments, bottles, pitchers, glasses, newspapers, and the human face & figure in distorted forms.

PABLO PICASSO AND GEORGES BRAQUE.

Picasso and Braque shared the same perspective towards art. They often met to discuss their art progress with each other and collaborated many times. Their artwork was so similar and closely inspired that there was a time when it became difficult for the critics to differentiate between the two artists. The colour palette used by them consisted mostly of neutral shades initially but later also included bright colours in combination with neutrals to make sure that people were able to interpret the art. One common thing which is noticeable in their artworks is use of hollow objects. They used them as props to display hollowness such as guitar, a pot, a vase etc.

Some of the famous artwork of Cubism –

Three Musicians by Pablo Picasso, 1921
Image Source: http://totallyhistory.com/three-musicians/
Bottle and Fishes 1910–12 by Georges Braque
Image Source: https://www.tate.org.uk/art/artists/georges-braque-803

PHASE / STYLE OF CUBISM

Cubism had two waves/phase. The first wave was known as Analytic Cubism (1907-12). The artworks portrayed geometric shapes and three dimensional perspective. Neutral colour palette consisting of beige & browns with greys were used to create intellectual artwork.

Nude Descending a Staircase by Marcel Duchamp, 1912
Image Source: https://www.wikiart.org/en/marcel-duchamp/nude-descending-a-staircase-no-2-1912

The second phase was known as Synthetic phase, it portrayed simpler forms which were more colourful and decorative in style. Collage came into the existence along with new materials such as newspaper clippings, tobacco wrappers and abstract.

Still life with violin and fruits by Pablo Picasso, 1912
Image Source: https://www.wikiart.org/en/pablo-picasso/still-life-with-violin-and-fruits-1912

INFLUENCE ON FASHION

Cubism has been one of the most influential art movement which had a huge impact on fashion and has always appeared on runway every now and then. The first few designers who were immensely influenced during cubism were Coco Chanel, Paul Poiret and Madeline Vionnets.

Fashion started to change in 1920’s because of many aspects and characteristics which can still be witnessed on the runways. The idea behind Cubism was to portray ordinary objects in an abstract geometric form, since then the cubist motifs has marked its place of signature style in fashion.

Currently world leaders of fashion design like Yves Saint Laurent, Prada, Givenchy, Hermes and Celine have used cubism as an inspiration for their various collections. The fashion industry calls it “the cubism madness”. Structures, layering, geometric shapes, colour blocking and clean-cut lines are the main visual impacts inspired from the cubism which manages to make its way in everyone’s wardrobe. In today’s world, cubism through fashion represents the freedom of women and the abolishment of unrealistic proportions.

Let’s have a look at some cubism inspired runway looks –

Cubism inspired interior:

Basically,

“Cubism is not a reality you can take in your hand. It’s more like a perfume, in front of you, behind you, to the sides, the scent is everywhere but you don’t quite know where it comes from.” – Pablo Picasso

It’s all about perspective my friend!!

I hope it was an insightful read……!!

For more such blogs follow, share, like and comment!!!

Until then stay awesome…….!!!!

SURREAL SURREALISM

Written By Nikita Rajani

Guided by Ms Monika Malik

INTRODUCTION

Surrealism is an art movement of 20th century which took its inspiration from another Avant Garde movement Dadaism. It started in 1920’s in France, Paris and lasted till 1950’s. Surrealism is derived from the word surreal which means very strange and unusual. The artists belonging to this movement were called “SURREALIST”.

The face of Mae West by Salvador Dali
Image Source- https://pin.it/2tarAGX

The goal of surrealists was to liberate thoughts and human experiences through pushing boundaries of rationalism. This movement challenged the rational order of society through unleashing the mind of masses. A number of techniques were derived by surrealist painters to help capture the thoughts of the unconscious mind.

HIGHLIGHTS OF SURREALISM

The main characteristic of Surrealism is dream-like scene and symbolic images. Irrelevant objects put together to create contrasting effect of uncommon images. Surrealists used their sub-conscious mind to create strange, uncommon & unusual art which represented the dreams and fantasies in the name of expression of reality. The colour pallet was either saturated or monochromatic, both conveying dream state of human mind.

Swans Reflecting Elephants Salvador Dali
Swans Reflecting Elephants, 1937,Salvador Dali Image Source- http://salvadordaliprints.org/swans-reflecting-elephants/.

FAMOUS ARTISTS OF SURREALISM

The art work of surrealism features an element of surprise in its visual art work in combination with uncommon images. Artists preferred painting illogical scenes with photographic precision.

Salvador Dali

Salvador Dali was a great surrealist who was greatly inspired by living beings. He painted in a hyper-real style in which objects depicted crisp details with three dimensional illusion, creating dream-like quality. Salvador Dali mostly used living elements like eyes, lobsters & human faces in combination with non living objects like watches.

The Persistence of Memory by Salvador Dali
Image Source – https://pin.it/1HQlCd1
The Eye of Surrealist Time by Salvador Dalí, 1971. Lithograph with etching on arches, 29 ¾ × 20 ½. DTR Modern Galleries, on display in Boston, MA: 2014-10-10 through 2014-11-28.
The most confusing element is the shadows cast by the butterflies as...
The Eye of Surrealist Time by Salvador Dali Image Source – https://onesurrealistaday.com/post/100036159865/the-eye-of-surrealist-time

Rene Magritte

Rene Magritte was another great Surrealist. He became well known for creating a number of witty and thought provoking images. He often depicted ordinary objects in unusual manner. In most of his artwork, he depicted seen & unseen images, where some objects are visible and other objects are hidden.

The Son of Man, 1946 by Rene Magritte
The Son Of Man by Rene Magritte
Image Source- https://www.renemagritte.org/the-son-of-man.jsp

INFLUENCE ON PHOTOGRAPHY

Surrealism had great impact on photography where photographers combined non-traditional photographic techniques with surrealist principles, resulting in creation of images which were maddening and provocative. The signature style of surrealist photography evoked the feeling of a dream like state.

Man Ray was the most influential photographer of that time.

Black and White, 1926 by Man Ray
Black and White by Man Ray
Image Source – https://www.manray.net/black-and-white.jsp

Surrealism inspiring modern photography –

INFLUENCE ON FASHION

It would be unfair to speak of Surrealism without the famous Lobster Dress. Elsa Schiaparelli was the most influential designer of that time. She collaborated with surrealists to create astonishing designer pieces that would shock and amaze. Her most famous collaboration was with her friend and a famous Surrealist Artist “Salvador Dali” which resulted the very famous LOBSTER DRESS.

This is the modern version of Iconic Lobster Dress created by Bertrand Guyon Spring 2017 Couture Collection, almost 80 years later.

The commonly used objects and shapes to depict Surrealism are Lobster, eye, human hand, printed face of Salvador Dali, clocks hung on wall etc. These are easily transposed to printing textile, jewellery, hats etc. giving designers the freedom to create art in the form of fashion.

The artwork of surrealism in its visual form such as paintings, posters and photographs works as an inspiration for a number of designers to push their envelop of creativity. The elements of surrealism are beautifully portrayed through the use of odd materials and one of a kind construction techniques to further induce a playful surprise in their design collection. For example, the work of designer Jean Paul Gaultier for 2006 Fall/Winter Couture collection simply amazed the fraternity with his well translated take on surrealism which evidently showcased in his designs. The point of admiration about surrealist fashion is that it breaks gender boundaries by merging feminine and masculine ideals to create entirely unique result.

Image Source- https://www.vogue.com/fashion-shows/fall-2011-ready-to-wear/jc-de-castelbajac/slideshow/collection#41

Surrealism was one such art movement that had a lasting impact on paintings, sculpture, literature, photography, films and fashion; inspiring subconsciously the dreams of creative minds to create bizarre images. Surrealism never disappointed as a creative artistic principle, bringing outlandish visuals with out of the box experience on table.

I hope this blog was equally thought provoking for you and pushed your boundaries of imagination.

Until the next blog, rock your Imagination!!!

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ECHO OF ART DECO

By Annu Taneja

Guided By: Ms Monika Malik

Introduction

Art Deco is one of the many Art Movements that emerged in the early 20th century, lasted from the 1920’s until around 1940’s. It began in France with a group of French designers, decorators and artists at an event called “Exposition Internationale des Arts Décoratifs et Industriels Modernes”—the name Art Deco was later originated from this title.

Art Deco celebrated the beauty of technology, urbanization and was considered a very “modern” movement. You will see art mixed with technology through references like trains, planes, cars and skyscrapers in the artwork. Bold colours and strong geometric patterns were the trademark of Art Deco.

Basically, the whole idea of Art Deco movement was to move towards the future and celebrate modern advancement. After World War 1 and great depression, the spirit that artists wanted to depict was OPTIMISM.

The Nature And Style Of Art Deco Movement

The main characteristics of Art Deco included passion portrayed through geometry, abstract and many more forms. The nature of this style was founded on the avant-garde traditions.

Art deco was inspired by industrialization and technical progress. Although, artist always focused on looking towards the future, there were many motifs inspired by the cultures of different countries, especially Egypt.

Motifs are sleek, stylized often characterized by geometric ornamentation and detail work which brings glamour, luxury and order with symmetrical designs in exuberant shapes.

Famous Artists

Tamara De Lempicka

“My goal is never to copy, but to create a new style, clear luminous colours and feel the elegance of the models,”- Tamara De Lempicka.

She was one of the most influential artist during the Art Deco movement. Her art works mainly consisted of portraits of women. She preferred women of her Canvas involved in modern stuff like driving a car, posing with sky scrapers at the back and talking on telephone.

Few other artists like Émile-Jacques Ruhlmann, Josef Hoffmann were also the part of this art movement and are considered inspirations.

ART DECO in Interior & Architecture

Art Deco influenced the field of interior & architecture through decorative arts, paintings and sculptures. It had massive architectural impact in United States, especially the Empire State Building (1929-31) which is an influential masterpiece inspired by Art Deco.

THE EMPIRE STATE BUILDING
Image Source: https://in.pinterest.com/pin/409194316145820215/

Influence on Fashion

Architecture played a very important part in influencing the fashion. From buildings to the dome of the churches, every detail had a huge impact on the designers.

The colour palette commonly consisted of gold, black, off white and silver. The curved lines, geometric shapes, each and every element of the Art Deco Movement made its mark and inspired everyone immensely.

As Art Deco is an early 20th century movement, it is also known as “THE ROARING TWENTIES” you will see a lot of flappers. Designers like Coco Chanel and Paul Poiret were amongst the most influential fashion designers of this time.

Another Art Deco inspired runway look-

Art deco was an influential movement of 20’s which has stayed relevant to current fashion. It scored such wide popularity because it got acceptance worldwide and it is still loved for its glam factor with free spirited nature.  

I hope reading this blog was a happy experience for you.

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Till then stay awesome…